HMCS Iroquois, #9 Mess, January 1954. In January, 1945, after a year's discussion, the British Admiralty agreed to lend the RCN a flotilla of "C" Class destroyers for use against the Japanese. The Canadian experience is firmly rooted in that tradition. • On 15 March, in another destroyer — HMCS Crescent, at Nanjing, China — eighty-three junior ratings held a similar protest. • On 20 March, thirty-two aircraft handlers on the carrier Magnificent, which was on fleet manoeuvres in the Caribbean Sea, briefly refused an order to turn to morning cleaning stations. Grant's request for additional funds to address the problems was denied, so he set about introducing reforms possible within his budget. At almost the same time, similar incidents happened on HMCS Crescent, at Nanjing, China and on HMCS Athabaskan at Manzanillo, Colima, Mexico, both of whose captains acted similarly to that of Magnificent. (photo credit CFPU, PMR 98-157). The ship was transferred to Canada in August 1945. [11] Crescent Spring Water is a Reagent used to craft various items. Ships alongside in homeports had their companies quickly re-shuffled to normal. The last of these, instituted late-February 1949, was a rank and trade group re-organization that effectively promoted each rating one rank. Because there existed no officially sanctioned outlet for collective complaints, officers accepted the lock-in as an unofficial protest. Both this ship and the original HMCS Athabaskan were destroyers and thus this … Naval Mutinies The three deployed ships had no such option, and quite literally there were suddenly too many chiefs and not enough seamen to perform the myriad shipboard duties. Two weeks later, eighty-three junior ratings in HMCS Crescent staged a similar protest. She arrived at Shanghai on 26 February - and then on 11 Mar 1949, entered Chinese waters and sailed to Nanjing via the Yangtze River, arriving at Nanjing on 20 Mar Two weeks later, on March 15, eighty-three junior ratings in another destroyer, HMCS Crescent, staged a similar protest while alongside in Nanjing, China. She was the second destroyer to bear the name "Athabaskan", after the many tribes throughout western Canada that speak Athabaskan family languages. The ships had yet to be constructed and the surrender of Japan ended the war before any of the eight could be finished. But it remains one of the most profoundly misunderstood aspects of naval life. One sailor in HMCS Crescent, a native of Calgary and therefore assigned to the Home Port Division of Esquimalt, indignantly responded to the question: "Communists? 14 January 1952 HMCS Uganda, the only Canadian warship to fight the Japanese, is recommissioned as HMCS Quebec. Confronted with labour-intensive tasks — fuelling in Manzanillo, sentry duty in Nanjing, a rigorous flying program — overworked sailors sat down in protest. A secret tale of mutiny. She was the second destroyer to bear the name "Athabaskan", after the many tribes throughout western Canada that speak Athabaskan family languages. Encontre diversos livros em Inglês e Outras Línguas com ótimos preços. This time, they kept their names as the transfer was only made permanent in 1951. Intent upon demonstrating the politically correct view of mutiny as the breakdown in relations between officers and ratings, the commissioners overlooked both the larger context and immediate causes. In the more immediate context, the Chief of the Naval Staff, Vice-Admiral Harold Grant, had submitted much the same litany of "General Causes" to Claxton in the fall of 1947 after a rash of incidents that summer (The Mainguy Report described the biggest, in the cruiser HMCS Ontario, but did not mention the others). In the end, only two were transferred, Crescent and Crusader, both named after ships which had been previously transferred to Canada and renamed. Us guys from Alberta were all red-necks!" [2][4], The Christening Bells Project at Canadian Forces Base Esquimalt Naval and Military Museum includes information from the ship's bell of Crescent, which was used for baptism of babies on board ship from 1946 to 1957. Built too late to see action in the North Atlantic, … [15], In May 1951, Crescent, La Hulloise and Swansea sailed to the United Kingdom on a training cruise. In both of these other cases, the respective captains acted similarly to their colleague aboard Crescent. In his book "Mutiny - The Odyssey of HMCS UGANDA", Chief Petty Officer James W. Essex commented that as personnel reported on board, many of the ship's company noted the absence of the Canadian Red Ensign and the maple leaf … The ship was transferred to Canada in August 1945. [22], "Dissension in the Ranks – 'Mutinies' in the Royal Canadian Navy", Ships of the Royal Navy: The Complete Record of all Fighting Ships of the Royal Navy, List of frigates of the Royal Australian Navy, List of frigates of the Royal Canadian Navy, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=HMCS_Crescent_(R16)&oldid=1003371887, C-class destroyers (1943) of the Royal Canadian Navy, Type 15 frigates of the Royal Canadian Navy, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Navy blue, a crescent argent defamed with a maple leaf gules for Canada, 4,675 nautical miles (8,658 km; 5,380 mi) at 20 knots (37 km/h; 23 mph), 1,400 nautical miles (2,600 km; 1,600 mi) at 32 knots (59 km/h; 37 mph), This page was last edited on 28 January 2021, at 17:42. HMCS Crescent was a C-class destroyer, built for the Royal Navy but was transferred before completion and saw active service with the Royal Canadian Navy.She was one of 32 destroyers of that class built between 1943 and 1945 as part of the War Emergency Programme.After discussions about Canada's current fleet, the United Kingdom agreed to lend the Royal … On 20 March, thirty-two aircraft handlers in Magnificent briefly refused to turn to morning cleaning stations as ordered. She was one of 32 destroyers of that class built between 1943 and 1945 as part of the War Emergency Programme. Built too late to see action in the North Atlantic, … After commissioning, Crescent was assigned to the west coast of Canada, arriving at Esquimalt, British Columbia in November 1945. [18] She was modernised for anti-submarine warfare and to serve as a fast fleet escort, similar to the Type 15 frigate of the Royal Navy, the second Canadian warship to so. Crescent. She was one of 32 destroyers of that class built between 1943 and 1945 as part of the War Emergency Programme. Naval Mutinies [LLC, Books] on Amazon.com.au. Vice Admiral Rollo Mainguy, who was by then Chief of Naval Staff, sharing a coffee in the Seaman's Mess on board HMCS Athabaskan, 17 February 1953. Canadian Navy Destroyer – The Case of HMCS Crescent, March 1949,” The Northern Mariner / Le Marin du nord, IX:3 (July 1999). The capstone of this golden age was the building of the fastest warship ever built. 1949 'mutiny' Some years after the war for which she was built, a noteworthy event in her history - and that of the Royal Canadian Navy as a whole - occurred on 20 March 1949, when she was at Nanjing , China - at the time the last mainland holdout of Chiang Kai-shek 's Chinese Nationalists , which was to be overrun by the Communist People's Liberation Army a month later. Since the men had offered no hint of violence, no one used the charged word 'mutiny'. react to the idea of mutiny, in a concluding chapter, "Naval Mutinies in the Twentieth Century and Beyond," 264-76. HMCS Crescent (R16) (1,284 words) exact match in snippet view article "Dissension in the Ranks – 'Mutinies' in the Royal Canadian Navy". Ship's company of HMCS Athabaskan, one month after the incident of 26 February 1949. XIX gun at A position, covered by a canvas awning, closest to the dock. [2] The project was considered the largest operation undertaken by a Canadian dockyard to that point. (photo credit CFPU, PMR 98-151). Although each of the charges had merit in a narrow technical sense, they were misrepresented by the commission. The history of the Royal Canadian Navy goes back to 1910, when the naval force was created as the Naval Service of Canada and renamed a year later by King George V.The Royal Canadian Navy (RCN) is one of the three environmental commands of the Canadian Forces.Over the course of its history, the RCN has played a role in the First World War, contributed significantly to the Battle … The Athabascan was one of the escorts of the aircraft carrier Magnificent, thirty-two of… ... No member of the RCN was ever awarded the punishment stipulated under King's Regulations for mutiny - death by hanging. Two weeks later, on March 15, eighty-three junior ratings in another destroyer, HMCS Crescent, staged a similar protest while alongside in Nanjing, China. She proceeded, during February 1949, to Nanjing, making several stops along the way, where she replaced HMS. [17], In 1953, Crescent underwent a conversion to destroyer escort. [16] In May 1952, with La Hulloise and Swansea, the destroyer made a training cruise to Gibraltar and the French Riviera. The Pacific war ended, however, before any of the eight ships had been completed, and only two were transferred. HMCS Athabaskan was a Tribal-class destroyer that served with the Royal Canadian Navy in the immediate post-Second World War era. This volume brings together a set of scholarly, readable and up-to-date essays covering the most significant naval mutinies of the 20th century, including Russia (1905), Brazil (1910), Austria (1918), Germany (1918), France (1918-19), Great Britain (1931), Chile (1931), the United States (1944), India (1946), China (1949), Australia, and Canada (1949).Each chapter addresses the … ... ↑ Mutiny: The odyssey of HMCS Uganda ↑ Butler, Malcolm. Crescent and La Hulloise returned to Europe in August and in December, the two ships visited Cuba while training in the Caribbean Sea. Read the full Mainguy Report [PDF / original document available in English only]. HMCS Crescent (226), with Canadian pattern Type 15 conversion, can be positively identified by her 4-inch Mk. Cossack. On 20 March 1949, while on fleet manoeuvres in the Caribbean, thirty-two aircraft handlers on Magnificent briefly refused an order to turn to morning cleaning stations to protest various grievances. Posts about HMCS Crescent written by Andrew Marshall. The British Mutiny Act of 1689 formalized the disciplining of a standing army and initiated modern Anglo-American military law. The Wikipedia article talks about HMCS Athabaskan II and a mutiny that occured in 1949. Uganda proceeded to Eniwetok, and then to Pearl Harbor for refuelling before heading for Esquimalt. The commissioners' deliberations were presented in a trim 57-page volume, famous ever since as The Mainguy Report (after the chairman, Rear-Admiral Rollo Mainguy, Flag Officer Atlantic Coast). - PhD (Université Laval, 2000) (history), dissertation: “Gunboat Diplomacy, Mutiny and National Identity in the Postwar Royal Canadian Navy: The Cruise of HMCS Crescent to China, 1949.” HMCS Athabaskan was the second destroyer of the Royal Canadian Navy to bear the name "Athabaskan", after the many tribes throughout western Canada that speak Athabaskan family languages. Canadian Navy Destroyer – The Case of HMCS Crescent, March 1949,” The Northern Mariner / Le Marin du nord, IX:3 (July 1999). The captain acted with great sensitivity to defuse the crisis, entering the mess for an informal discussion with the disgruntled crew members and carefully avoided using the term "mutiny" which could have had severe legal consequences for the sailors involved. Plain reading of the act makes it clear that a good soldier must accept the constraint of military discipline, be deferential to the hierarchy of ranks and be respectful of orders, directives, instructions, customs and traditions. Halifax Mail, Wed. 27 Nov 1946. Publisher: Department of National Defence. [12] On 23 March, the destroyer was relieved on station at Nanjing by HMS Consort and sailed for Hong Kong. [10] Crescent, the first Canadian warship to enter Chinese waters, sailed to Nanjing via the Yangtze River on 11 March. [13] In November 1949, Crescent was paid off into the reserve. But the ‘incidents’, as they came to be called, constituted a challenge to the lawfully established order of the Navy. Half of her gun armament was replaced by sonar, a Mark 10 Limbo anti-submarine mortar and homing torpedoes. 1 Operational history 1.1 1949 'mutiny' 2 Ship's Bell 3 … The captain acted with great sensitivity to defuse the crisis, holding an informal discussion with the disgruntled crew members. HMCS Magnificent circa 1950. In a broader context, the incidents of 1949 were the culmination of a pattern of low-level disobedience that had been practiced in the RCN since at least the mid-1930s, probably picked-up by sailors who (like their officers) frequently were rotated for training with the Royal Navy. She was taken to Taiwan in 1971 to be broken up. This photograph reveals the normal complement of officers (12 in number) across the front row, but an over-representation of chief and petty officers (49) in the second and third rows, against the remaining sailors (105). If the men's demands were at all reasonable (and invariably they were), they were acted upon, promptly and without recrimination. HMCS Athabaskan was a Tribal-class destroyer that served with the Royal Canadian Navy in the immediate post-Second World War era. Researched by / Courtesy of George Newbury: Newspaper article on crew of Uganda assisting locals in the village of Bahia, Magdelina Bay, Mexico, 1946 Here is the link to the article. as the senior naval vessel there. After the spring of 1949, the government no longer could ignore the deprivations that cutbacks had imposed on the Naval Service. Each episode was defused almost immediately, with the respective captains entering the messes for an informal discussion of their sailors' grievances. HMCS Crescent was a Canadian C-class destroyer, launched on 20 July 1944. For enquiries, contact us. The bell is held by the Army Navy and Air Force Veterans, Sidney, British Columbia. You will not receive a reply. The superstructure was extended aft, and the bridge was modified. *FREE* shipping on eligible orders. The Pacific war ended, however, before any of the eight ships had been completed, and only two were transferred. HMCS Crescent was a C-class destroyer that was built for the Royal Navy but was transferred before completion and saw active service with the Royal Canadian Navy. [14] In 1950, the destroyer was designated the east coast training destroyer and her complement reduced. HMS Crescent (RN) & HMCS Fraser(RCN) HMS Crescent was a C-class destroyer which was built for the Royal Navy in the early 1930s. Alongside in Nanking, China, they were unaware of the previous incident, but news was now spreading through the fleet. The third ship of the Majestic class, Magnificent was built by Harland and Wolff, laid down 29 July 1943 and launched 16 November 1944.Purchased from the Royal Navy (RN) to replace HMCS Warrior, she served in a variety of roles, operating both fixed and rotary-wing aircraft.She was generally referred to as the Maggie.Her aircraft complement included … Yanxia (31.7-21.8). Late in February 1949 sailors on the Canadian destroyer Athabascan, on a spring training cruise to the Caribbean, staged a nonviolent demonstration, and the following week, in Far Eastern waters, so did about one-third of the 150-man crew of HMCS Crescent. Indeed, in Athabaskan, the captain was careful to place his cap over what appeared to be a list of demands, so that no technical state of mutiny could be said to exist. (photo credit CFPU, PMR 98-132). The ship was commissioned by Canada and assigned to the west coast of Canada, arriving at Esquimalt, British Columbia in November 1945. Both this ship and the original HMCS Athabaskan were Tribal-class destroyers and thus this one became known as Athabaskan II.. Mutiny. - PhD (Université Laval, 2000) (history), dissertation: “Gunboat Diplomacy, Mutiny and National Identity in the Postwar Royal Canadian Navy: The Cruise of HMCS Crescent to China, 1949.” 1949 'mutiny' See also: History of the Royal Canadian Navy § 1949 'mutinies' On 26 February 1949, when the Athabaskan was on fueling stop at Manzanillo, Colima , Mexico , ninety leading seamen and below – constituting more than half the ship's company – locked themselves in their messdecks, and refused to come out until getting the captain to hear their grievances. (Winner, Keith Matthews Award – 1999, Canadian Nautical Research Society, for “Best article of the year, either on a Canadian maritime topic or by a Canadian on a maritime topic.”) (juried article). A concurrent communist-inspired strike in the Canadian merchant marine sparked fears of subversion also in the naval service, so defence minister Brooke Claxton ordered a commission of inquiry to investigate the state of the fleet. • On 15 March, in another destroyer — HMCS Crescent, at Nanjing, China — eighty-three junior ratings held a similar protest. [4] The ship was commissioned by Canada and assigned to the west coast of Canada, arriving at Esquimalt, British Columbia in November 1945. HMCS CRESCENT (R16 / 226) The History of the CRESCENT In January, 1945, after a year's discussion, the British Admiralty agreed to lend the RCN a flotilla of "C" Class destroyers for use against the Japanese. “Late in February 1949 sailors on the Canadian destroyer Athabascan, on a spring training cruise to the Caribbean, staged a nonviolent demonstration, and the following week, in Far Eastern waters, so did about one-third of the 150-man crew of HMCS Crescent. Naval Mutinies: Mutiny on the Bounty, Royal Indian Navy Mutiny, Russian Battleship Potemkin, Wager Mutiny, 1947 Royal New Zealand Navy Cossack. The keel was laid down on 16 September 1943 by John Brown & Company, Clydebank and launched on 20 July 1944. The truth is more complex. CFB Esquimalt Naval & Military Museum. En route to Pearl Harbor, one … *FREE* shipping on eligible orders. [10] Crescent, the first Canadian warship to enter Chinese waters, sailed to Nanjing via the Yangtze River on 11 March.[11]. HMCS Crescent was a C-class destroyer that was built for the Royal Navy but was transferred before completion and saw active service with the Royal Canadian Navy.She was one of 32 destroyers of that class built between 1943 and 1945 as part of the War Emergency Programme.. After discussions about Canada's current fleet, the United Kingdom agreed to lend the Royal … Mutiny. Within days, on March 20, in the carrier HMCS Magnificent, on fleet manoeuvres in the Caribbean, 32 aircraft handlers briefly refused to turn to morning cleaning stations as ordered. Call# 359.1 MAI 1949 c.2 Subjects: Royal Canadian Navy-Mutiny… She had originally been dispatched from Esquimalt on a special mission in late January 1949. HMCS Crescent was a C-class destroyer that was built for the Royal Navy but was transferred before completion and saw active service with the Royal Canadian Navy. "Too Many Chiefs and Not Enough Seamen:" The Lower-Deck Complement of a Postwar Canadian Navy Destroyer – The Case of HMCS Crescent, March 1949 Richard Gimblett The year 1949 is remembered as one of crisis and reform in the Royal Canadian Navy (RCN). Ships ATHABASKAN, CRESCENT and MAGNIFICENT and on other matters concerning the Royal Canadian Navy / Rapport sur certains “incidents” survenus à bord de L’ATHABASKAN, du CRESCENT … No member of the RCN was ever awarded the punishment stipulated under King's Regulations for mutiny – death by hanging. as the senior naval vessel there. HMCS Uganda was detached from the US Navy's Third Fleet on 27 July 1945 when HMS Argonaut arrived. High score in Allied Trainbuster Club - … The cruiser was forced to make an emergency turn to avoid the mine and Crescent destroyed it with gunfire. On February 1, 1968 the Royal Canadian Navy ended its 58-year run as an isolated fighting force. They laid the blame squarely on an uncaring officer corps harbouring aristocratic British attitudes inappropriate to Canadian democratic sensitivities. On May 4, when the Canadian Forces celebrate the 75th anniversary of their Maritime Command—formerly the Royal Canadian Navy—the events of 1949 will not figure prominently in official ceremonies. [5] The keel was laid down on 16 September 1943 by John Brown & Company, Clydebank[1] and launched on 20 July 1944. Fitting the pattern of a larger ‘tradition of mutiny,’ they were an object lesson in the importance of modern grievance resolution practices and hastened the end of that tradition through the exposure of a formal investigation. Chiang Kai-shek (31 October 1887 – 5 April 1975), also romanized as Chiang Chieh-shih or Jiang Jieshi and known as Chiang Chungcheng, was a political and military leader who served as the leader of the Republic of China between 1928 and 1975, first in mainland China until 1949 and then in exile in Taiwan. This case was almost simultaneous with two other cases of mass disobedience in other Canadian naval ships at very distant other locations: the destroyer Athabaskan at Manzanillo, Colima, Mexico and the aircraft carrier Magnificent in the Caribbean Sea. Both this ship and the original HMCS Athabaskan were destroyers and thus this … Having transpired in suspiciously rapid succession, they seized the attention of a government sensitive to the rising ‘red menace’. [6] She was given training duties until February 1949 when she was sent to China to safeguard Canadian interests during the Chinese Civil War. Both this ship and the original HMCS Athabaskan were Tribal-class destroyers and thus this one became known as Athabaskan II.. Rodger, The Wooden World: An Anatomy of the Georgian Navy (Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press, 1986), pp. The ship was initially assigned to the Home Fleet, although she was temporarily deployed in the Red Sea and Indian Ocean during the Abyssinia Crisis of 1935–36. N.A.M. (Winner, Keith Matthews Award – 1999, Canadian Nautical Research Society, for “Best article of the year, either on a Canadian maritime topic or by a Canadian on a maritime topic.”) (juried article). She was given training duties until February 1949 when she was sent to China to safeguard Canadian interests during the Chinese Civil War. Operational history. 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