Akershus Fortress or Akershus Castle is a medieval castle that was built to protect and provide a royal residence for Oslo, the capital of Norway. However it surrendered without combat to Nazi Germany in 1940 when the Norwegian government evacuated the capital in the face of the unprovoked German assault on Denmark and Norway (see Operation Weserübung). I love places that don’t cost us an arm and a leg. [3] The castle becoming a royal residence also played a significant role in the process where the capital for Norway was moved from Bergen to Oslo. It has housed many rebels and criminals through Norwegian history. I lost count on how many times the castle has been besieged, but in those many times, it was never conquered by a foreign country. The fortress has never successfully been besieged by a foreign enemy. The fortress was subsequently modernized and remodeled, with the new appearance being that of a renaissance castle with Italian inspired bastions. The Norwegian Museum of Cultural History tells the story of the country’s cultural heritage over the centuries. Akershus Fortress (Akershus Festning) has been a vital stronghold and royal residence in Oslo since the 14th century. [9] Among the survivors was Lars Hætta (18 years at the time of imprisonment), who during his stay was allowed time and means to write the first translation of the Bible into North Sámi.[10]. eval(ez_write_tag([[468,60],'historyhit_com-box-3','ezslot_7',178,'0','0'])); Over the centuries, different figures put their mark on Akershus Fortress including King Christian, although it would suffer from neglect in the 17th and 18th centuries. Akershus is still a military base, which is why you’ll see adolescents patrolling with bushy feathers on their heads. The Drøbak Sound … After construction of the castle was finished around 1300, Haakon V gradually started to use the castle as a residential palace, favoring the keep over the Oslo Kongsgard Estate despite the fact that the castle likely was unsuited as a residence. Akershus has also been a prison, with a section of it known as The Slavery (Norwegian: Slaveriet) because the prisoners could be rented out for work in the city. The fortress was built in 1299, and the meaning of the name is "the (fortified) house of (the district) Aker". Oslo Cathedral is a 17th century Dutch Baroque style church in a cruciform shape. [citation needed], Media related to Akershus Fortress at Wikimedia Commons, Coordinates: .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}59°54′24″N 10°44′10″E / 59.90667°N 10.73611°E / 59.90667; 10.73611. History & Haunting of: Akershus castle, Oslo, Norway Akershus Fortress is a medieval castle that was built to protect Oslo, the capital of Norway. It has a strategical location at the very end of the headland, and withstood a number of sieges throughout the ages. Reforming the North: The Kingdoms and Churches of Scandinavia, 1520-1545. The fortress right in the middle of Oslo Harbour, Panorama of Akershus Castle from the seafront, The year is that in which they first took command. Add a one-line explanation of what this file represents. [1] Fue fundada en la Edad Media como un castillo real, que servía también de sede para los representantes del rey.. En el siglo XVII fue modificado en estilo renacentista y rodeado de una fortaleza con bastiones. In 1449-1450 the castle was besieged again, this time by the Swedish king Karl Knutsson Bonde, but he had to lift the siege after a while. This includes King Sigurd I, King Haakon V, Queen Eufemia, King Haakon VII, Queen Maud, King Olav V and Crown Princess Märtha. The Oslo Historical Museum houses historical collections ranging from prehistoric Norwegian items to those from East Asia and Africa. Akershus Fortress, seen from the land side Akershus is one of the most important fortresses in Norway. Akershus Fortress had been the defender of the capital Oslo/Christiania for hundred of years. Among those executed were Vidkun Quisling and Siegfried Fehmer. Akershus Fortress History. Akershus Fortress Discover some of Oslo’s most important history at this medieval fortress and castle overlooking the city’s fjord approach. Akershus Fortress is a must-see landmark for military history enthusiasts. The building of Akershus Castle and Fortress was commenced in 1299 … His Majesty the King's Guard is responsible for guarding the fortress, with stationary guard posts during open hours and mobile patrols at night. The first construction on the castle started around the late 1290s, by King Haakon V, replacing Tønsberg as one of the two most important Norwegian castles of the period (the other being Båhus). My kids love history, weapons, castles and lots of room to run their legs and their imaginations. If you would like to participate, please visit the project page, where you can join the project and see a list of open tasks. While we work as hard as we can to ensure the information provided here about Akershus Fortress is as accurate as possible, the changing nature of certain elements mean we can't absolutely guarantee that these details won't become a thing of the past. The castle is mentioned in written sources for the first time in 1300 in a letter from King Haakon to a church in Oslo. After this siege the castle was improved and strengthened. The castle boasts everything from the former living quarters of medieval Danish-Norwegian royalty to dank dungeons and also the castle church, now a military church. It was built as protection from a Swedish earl who attacked it in 1363. The Norway Resistance Museum is dedicated to the country’s national history during World War II. It is not known exactly when the construction of the castle started but it is believed that it took place around the late 1290s, by King Haakon V, replacing Tønsberg as one of the two most important Norwegian castles of the period (the other being Båhus). The castle was not besieged again until 1502 when Scottish soldiers in the service of the Danish king besieged the castle in order to regain it from the hands of the Norwegian nobleman Knut Alvsson. Strategically located on a rock above the Oslo Fjord, the Akershus Fortress kept watch over the safety of King Håkon V and his Norwegian subjects during the Middle Ages. The fortress was constructed by King Kin Haakon V. The Castle was constructed to protect the soldiers, defend the city and people who were living in the town. Akershus Castle and Fortress (Akershus Slott og Festning): History - See 3,155 traveler reviews, 3,176 candid photos, and great deals for Oslo, Norway, at Tripadvisor. The fortress has been at the center of the nation’s … Also, many early Norwegian socialists (supporters of Marcus Thrane, 1817–1890) also spent time in the cells of Akershus. A portion of the fortress was replicated at the Norway pavilion at the Epcot theme park in Walt Disney World, Bay Lake, Florida, United States. Whoever controlled Akershus fortress ruled Norway. The Akerhaus Fortress has a 700 year old history. Akershus Fortress was my family’s favorite place to visit in Oslo, hands down. The immediate proximity of the sea was a key feature, for naval power was a vital military force as the majority of Norwegian commerce in that period was by sea. It has housed many rebels and criminals through Norwegian history. Also, many early Norwegian socialists (supporters of Marcus Thrane, 1817–1890) also spent time in the cells of Akershus. Since the Middle Ages the fortress has been the namesake and centre of the main fief and later main county of Akershus, which was originally one of Norway's four main regions and which included most of Eastern Norway. [8] The prison was also a plot element in the film Fante-Anne (1920). The Fortress of Akershus was built under King Haakon V in 1299 as a medieval castle. Akershus was besieged yet again in 1523, this time by Swedish soldiers but Oslo’s inhabitants, at the command of Hans Mule, burned down their houses in an attempt to drive them out and the Swedes retreated after a short period. Eksplore the history of Akershus Fortress . Talk:Akershus Fortress. One of the stationary guard posts at the entrance is a popular photography spot for tourists visiting the fortress. Akershus Fortress (Norwegian: Akershus Festning) or Akershus Castle (Norwegian: Akershus slott) is a medieval castle in the Norwegian capital Oslo that was built to protect and provide a royal residence for the city. Also known as Akershus Castle (Akershus Slott), it was begun in 1299 under King Hakon V and would go on to play an important defensive role, surviving several sieges. In 1567, during the Northern Seven Years' War, the castle was besieged once more by Swedish forces, but the Danish king's lord lieutenant, Christen Munk, responded by burning down the city in order to deprive the attackers themselves of the means of receiving supplies, and eventually the Swedes retreated. Add to Plan. See some of … It is named for Akershus Fortress in Oslo. When the king was absent, the castle functioned as the seat of the Steward of Norway. a section of it known as The Slavery (Norwegian: Slaveriet) as the prisoners could be rented out for work in the city. In the aftermath of the attack, it became clear that the city’s existing defences weren’t effective and therefore, a stronger defensive centre was needed. From 2020 the former county of Akershus was merged into Viken along with the former counties of Østfold and Busk… Akershus Fortress or Castle is a medieval castle that was built to protect Oslo, the capital of Norway. As well as the castle, the Norwegian Armed Forces Museum and Norway's Resistance Museum can also be visited. Although still a military area, the Akershus Fortress is open to the public between 6:00 and 21:00 daily. (This battle forms a major part of the plot of Sigrid Undset's historical novel In the Wilderness, the third volume of her tetralogy The Master of Hestviken.). Akershus Fortress has witnessed the ups and downs of Norway’s history for 700 years. The prisoners of Akershus – from The Middle Ages to 1950 The exhibition, which consists of text, photos and artefacts follows the history of prisoners at Akershus castle in The Middle Ages, and inside the fortress up until the Settlement after WW2, and the prison's final closure in 1950. Norway is most commonly known as the home of the Vikings (though Sweden and Denmark were also Viking homelands). Akershus Castle and Fortress in Oslo A trip through the Akershus Castle is a trip through the history of Norway. Here you will find the Ministry of defence of the Kingdom and the main staff of the army. The castle's Royal Mausoleum is the final resting place of a number of Norwegian royal figures. The name is somewhat misleading nowadays, since the fortress is now outside Akershus (it is in Oslo county since 1842). Language; ... WikiProject Military history (Rated C-Class) This article is within the scope of the Military history WikiProject. It has housed many rebels and criminals through Norwegian history. https://www.regjeringen.no/no/dep/smk/kontakt/id883/, "Akershus Slott og Festning - Akershus Slotts Venner", "Kongeboliger og nasjonalskatter i Norge", "3. des: Margretes nødbrev Eder, min allerkjæreste...", "Norske Dramatikeres Forbund Raud vinter", "Kautokeino-opprøret 1852: Rettsoppgjøret", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Akershus_Fortress&oldid=996986180, Buildings and structures completed in the 13th century, Articles with dead external links from June 2017, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles containing Norwegian-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2012, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 29 December 2020, at 13:56. However, the letter does not mention how far the construction of the castle had progressed by then. The Akershus fortress construction started after the year 1290. Captions. Akershus has also been a prison, with a section of it known as The Slavery (Norwegian: Slaveriet) because the prisoners could be rented out for work in the city. The building of Akershus Castle and Fortress was commenced in 1299 under king Håkon V. The medieval castle, which was completed in the 1300s, had a strategical location at the very end of the headland, and withstood a number of sieges throughout the ages. [2] King Christian II besieged the castle from 1531 to 1532 but the siege was lifted by forces from Denmark and Lübeck. Akershus Fortress is a great place to discover Oslo's history and enjoy a summer day. Larson, J. L. (2010). Akershus is a traditional region and current electoral district in Norway, with Oslo as its main city and traditional capital. July attacks in 2011, the Office of the Norwegian Prime minister has been located close to the fortress in a building that originally belongs to the Norwegian Ministry of Defense. 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