As if the question about fruits and vegetables wasn’t perplexing enough, there is now another very confusing question about the potato being a fruit or a vegetable. A regional dish of Central New York, salt potatoes are bite-size new potatoes boiled in water saturated with salt then served with melted butter. [28] Nonetheless, genetic testing of the wide variety of cultivars and wild species affirms that all potato subspecies derive from a single origin in the area of present-day southern Peru and extreme Northwestern Bolivia (from a species in the Solanum brevicaule complex). Commercial planting of 'Amflora' was expected in the Czech Republic and Germany in the spring of 2010, and Sweden and the Netherlands in subsequent years. But whether the potato is a fruit or a vegetable, or for that matter any fruit vs. vegetable questions are pretty much like the chicken-came-first-or-egg, family of questions. Wound-healing prevents infection and water-loss from the tubers during storage. [115], Van Gogh's 1885 painting The Potato Eaters portrays a family eating potatoes. pulling out the young tubers by hand while leaving the plant in place. [112] High-density potatoes are desirable in the production of dehydrated mashed potatoes, potato crisps and french fries.[112]. [25] The international Potato Genome Sequencing Consortium announced in 2009 that they had achieved a draft sequence of the potato genome. Aloo posto (a curry with potatoes and poppy seeds) is immensely popular in East India, especially Bengal. Potatoes are categorized by nutrition authorities as “starchy vegetables,” highlighting their predominant macronutrient—carbohydrate—and predominant type of carbohydrate—starch. The fifth phase is the maturation of the tubers: the plant canopy dies back, the tuber skins harden, and the sugars in the tubers convert to starches. It is also occasionally seen in Korean and Thai cuisines. The potato is a root vegetable native to the Americas, a starchy tuber of the plant Solanum tuberosum, and the plant itself is a perennial in the nightshade family, Solanaceae.[2]. Potato is perennial herbaceous plant with the underground stem, called tuber. Are Potatoes Root or Stem Vegetables. Potatoes (mainly Russets) are commonly used in plant research. But since the definition is so unclear, the potato falls under an informal sub-category of vegetables, known as root or tuberous vegetables. For culinary purposes, varieties are often differentiated by their waxiness: floury or mealy baking potatoes have more starch (20–22%) than waxy boiling potatoes (16–18%). Out of these cookies, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. It was the first toy ever advertised on television. Well then carrots most certainly make an interesting exception! [114], During the late 19th century, numerous images of potato harvesting appeared in European art, including the works of Willem Witsen and Anton Mauve. [56], In 2018, world production of potatoes was 368 million tonnes, led by China with 27% of the total (table). Y raw yam [15] In many of the chronicles detailing agriculture and plants, no distinction is made between the two. According to Registered Dietitian, Karen Ansel, ‘USDA researchers found potatoes are loaded with Kukoamines, plant chemicals that lower blood pressure’ ( Nov 2011). The result is then usually run past workers who continue to sort out plant material, stones, and rotten potatoes before the potatoes are continuously delivered to a wagon or truck. They are supposed to be essentially something which you can make a juice of! The Aloo gosht, Potato and meat curry, is one of the popular dishes in South Asia, especially in Pakistan. (2001), South America: (English and Spanish): Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Eurasia: Armenia, Bangladesh, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Tajikistan. It remains an essential crop in Europe, especially Northern and Eastern Europe, where per capita production is still the highest in the world, while the most rapid expansion in production over the past few decades has occurred in southern and eastern Asia, with China and India leading the world in overall production as of 2018. Nevertheless, under EU rules, individual countries have the right to decide whether they will allow this potato to be grown on their territory. [6] Over 99% of presently cultivated potatoes worldwide descended from varieties that originated in the lowlands of south-central Chile.[9][10]. For decades, nutritionists and consumers have debated over whether potatoes are good for you. For short-term storage, temperatures of about 7 to 10 °C (45 to 50 °F) are preferred. [19] Potatoes are mostly cross-pollinated by insects such as bumblebees, which carry pollen from other potato plants, though a substantial amount of self-fertilizing occurs as well. This table shows the nutrient content of potatoes next to other major staple foods, each one measured in its respective raw state, even though staple foods are not commonly eaten raw and are usually sprouted or cooked before eating. Diseased plants or microtubers and may mound the entire row below 200 mg/kg ( 1000 ppmw ) of... Another potato and eaten with sambhar and chutney cured after harvest to improve your experience while navigate..., red, blue, or Chilean champ is a hearty serving of French fries and chips this but. ] three successive plowings, with Reblochon cheese, are a traditional Acadian dish from Brunswick! 1.602 ppm ( corn ), as greening and glycoalkaloid accumulation can occur independently of each other eaten. 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